By G.C. Paikert
Sedulo curavi humanas actiones non rid ere , non lugere, neque detestari, sed intelligere. SPINOZA This monograph is an try to current a few details at the cloth and styles of an ethnic minority workforce whose future used to be completely deflected by means of Hitler and his conflict. the folk in query are the Danube Swabians, German populations who have been so referred to as due to their habitat within the heart Danube sector of east-central and south-eastern Europe. learn for this research used to be performed in 1964 in Hungary, Yugoslavia, Austria and the Federal Republic of Germany, during which international locations the writer contacted people of competence and made use of files and different assets. He additionally attended the once a year con vention of the Danube Swabians in July, 1964 in VIm, Germany. in reality, he himself had a small half within the occasions which he at tempts to research right here. From 1934 until eventually 1944 he served within the Hungarian Ministry of schooling in Budapest and headed for a few years the dep. for the tuition of nationwide minorities and likewise the dep. answerable for Hungary's cultural inter swap. He resigned from the previous put up in 1939, and was once ousted from the second one while German troops occupied Hungary in March, 1944. His own reminiscences when it comes to the occasions in the course of and after his tenure (he left Hungary for England in June, 1946) were used to a point during this research, especial ly in bankruptcy X.
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Extra resources for The Danube Swabians: German Populations in Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia, and Hitler’s impact on their Patterns
Some 590,000, which is still a 40,000 gain and not loss for Hungary's Germandom in a ten-year period. In conclusion, one feels the need to stress again that in the socio-economic field there existed none of the various discriminatory methods which many other nations employed toward their own minorities, among the latter toward Magyars, too. On the contrary, one may conclude that most of the nationalities in Hungary were, by the very virtue of their minority nature, better organized along socio-economic lines than were the average 1 Cf.
P. 30. CHAPTER IV HUNGARIAN POLICIES ON MINORITIES EDUCATION, 1868-1944 PATTERNS IN CULTURE In sharp contrast to the absence of economic discrimination, the Magyars exerted a rather stubborn pressure for assimilation in the field of education.
Kurt Wessely, Die asterreichische Militiirgrenze, Der Gattinger Arbeitskreis, Heft 43 (Kitzingen-Main, Holzner Verlag, 1954). The most concise and perhaps best documented work on the Border in English appears to be Gunther Erich Rothenberg, The Austrian Military Border in Croatia, I522-I747 (Urbana: The Univ. of Illinois Press, 1960). For an instructive though not unbiased short study on the subject see A. B. Rohan, "Prinz Eugen von Savoyen und die Deutsche und Slawische Siidostkolonisation in den freigewordenen Tiirkeiprovinzen" in Prinz Eugen, Eine Donauschwiibische Gedenkschri/t, \Vien, 1963.
The Danube Swabians: German Populations in Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia, and Hitler’s impact on their Patterns by G.C. Paikert