By Nuclear Energy Agency
Within the context of sustainable improvement rules, choice making within the strength area could be in line with conscientiously designed trade-offs which take note of, insofar as possible, all the replacement thoughts merits and disadvantages from the industrial, environmental and social viewpoints. This document examines a number of features of nuclear and different power chains for producing electrical energy, and offers illustrative examples of quantitative and qualitative symptoms for these chains in regards to financial competitiveness, environmental burdens (such as air emissions and sturdy waste streams) and social elements (including employment and overall healthiness impacts). It bargains authoritative info and references to released literature on power chain research that are utilized in help of determination making. desk of content material : Foreword government precis 1. creation 2. Nuclear strength Outlook three. technique and evaluation Framework four. Illustrative result of tests five. exterior charges and Multi-Criteria selection research 6. develop Nuclear structures 7. major Findings
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Extra info for Nuclear Development Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Energy
41 Although some indicators to measure security of supply have been proposed by economists other experts (IEA and NEA, 1998), there is no consensus on the relevant indicator or on a set relevant indicators and more research is necessary on quantifying benefits of security of supply order to support policy making. In the meantime, decision makers generally rely on a basket parameters and/or qualitative assessments. or of in of A number of energy dependency indicators exist which have been measured, reported and stored in data bases together with other energy indicators.
6 are indicative only, as they are calculated on average generation costs for a basket of plants including various technologies and located in different countries. However, they illustrate general trends. They show a significant difference between fossil fuels on the one hand and nuclear power and renewable sources on the other hand. They highlight the generation cost stability offered by renewable sources – and to a lesser extent by nuclear power – irrespective of uncertainties on fossil fuel market price volatility.
Environment Directorate of OECD (2004), OECD key environmental indicators, OECD, Paris, France. Hirschberg, S. 04-15. Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland. IAEA (2005), Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies, IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA (2003), Guidance for the evaluation of innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles. Report of Phase 1A of the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). Technical Document, IAEA-TECDOC-1362, IAEA, Vienna, Austria.
Nuclear Development Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Energy by Nuclear Energy Agency