By Matti Hayry
Liberal Utilitarianism and utilized Ethics explores the principles of early utilitarianism and, whilst, the theoretical bases of social ethics and coverage in glossy Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the most explanation for utilitarianism's growing to be disrepute between ethical philosophers is that its rules can't legitimately be prolonged to occasions the place the fundamental wishes of the contributors concerned are in clash. he's capable of formulate an answer to this basic challenge through arguing convincingly that by way of combining a restricted model of liberal utilitarianism and the equipment of utilized ethics, we will outline our ethical tasks and rights. Liberal Utilitarianism and utilized Ethics will attract scholars and academics of philosophy who're attracted to the doctrine of utilitarianism or in moral decison-making.
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Additional info for Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics (Social Ethics and Policy)
109 Godwin argued that since some individuals can be expected to promote general happiness more than others, they ought to be given preference in moral calculations. His own example was that if the palace of Archbishop Fénelon (a known benefactor) were on fire, and we could rescue only one person, either the Archbishop himself or his valet, justice would demand that we choose Fénelon. This, in itself, would hardly have been striking to Godwin’s contemporaries. But he went on to state: Suppose the valet had been my brother, my father or my benefactor.
In the end, all humans will act altruistically towards each other simply because they know that benevolence is the key to their own happiness as well as to the happiness of others. Godwin’s answer to the impending question of motivation was not particularly original. The idea that individuals can be improved by education had been introduced a century earlier by Locke, and it had been developed by Hartley, Hume and the theological utilitarians. 122 Godwin derived most of his psychological views from these sources.
John Gay was the first British theorist to work out a detailed account of moral motivation, or—as he himself called it—‘obligation’. 82 There are three elements in this definition which Gay himself thought important. First, virtue and morality can only be connected with actions which increase or decrease the happiness of other people. Actions which increase or decrease the agent’s own happiness are not moral or immoral but prudent or imprudent. 83 Second, virtuous action deserves approbation and praise, while vicious conduct merits disapprobation and blame.
Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics (Social Ethics and Policy) by Matti Hayry