Environmental Economics

Download e-book for kindle: Global Monitoring Report 2009: A Development Emergency by World Bank

By World Bank

ISBN-10: 0821378597

ISBN-13: 9780821378595

ISBN-10: 0821378600

ISBN-13: 9780821378601

A improvement Emergency: the name of this year's international tracking document, the 6th in an annual sequence, couldn't be extra apt. the worldwide fiscal obstacle, the main serious because the nice melancholy, is quickly changing into a human and improvement drawback. No area is immune. The bad nations are in particular weak, as they've got the least cushion to resist occasions. The quandary, approaching the heels of the nutrients and gas crises, poses critical threats to their hard-won earnings in boosting fiscal development and lowering poverty. it's pushing hundreds of thousands again into poverty and placing in danger the very survival of many. the chance of attaining the Millennium improvement pursuits (MDGs) through 2015, already a reason for critical obstacle, now seems much more far-off. a world challenge needs to be met with a world reaction. The concern all started within the monetary markets of built international locations, so the 1st order of commercial has to be to stabilize those markets and counter the recession that the monetary turmoil has caused. even as, robust and pressing activities are had to counter the impression of the challenge on constructing nations and support them restoration robust progress whereas maintaining the bad. international tracking file 2009, ready together by means of the employees of the area financial institution and the overseas financial Fund, offers a improvement point of view at the worldwide monetary situation. It assesses the impression on constructing international locations, their progress, poverty relief, and different MDGs. And it units out priorities for coverage reaction, either via constructing nations themselves and via the overseas group. This file additionally specializes in the ways that the personal region should be higher mobilized in help of improvement targets, in particular within the aftermath of the quandary.

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Extra info for Global Monitoring Report 2009: A Development Emergency

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Review of data for individual countries reveals that many countries will achieve a few of the MDGs, but that on current trends a majority are likely to fall short of most of the goals. Among countries for which data are available, the proportion of off-track countries exceeds that of on-track countries for all MDGs except those for poverty reduction and gender parity at school (figure 3). In many countries MDG data continue to suffer from large gaps. c Access to sanitation Fragile states Source: Staff calculations based on World Development Indicators database.

Market volatility has dropped from the levels of late 2008, but equity markets remain near multiyear lows and credit spreads near multiyear highs. In fact, corporate credit spreads have started to widen further, reflecting severe credit deterioration stemming from the global economic downturn. Ⅲ Coordinated interventions and swap arrangements by global central banks have eased short-term liquidity conditions and offshore dollar shortages, but conditions have not normalized and liquidity remains very limited at longer maturities.

C Access to sanitation Needed to be achieved by 2007 to be on track Source: Staff calculations based on World Development Indicators database. Note: Calculations are based on the most recent year for which data are available. S. c: Access to improved sanitation facilities. especially in China, the East Asia region has already succeeded in halving extreme poverty. South Asia is on track to achieve the poverty reduction goal, but it is seriously off track on most human development goals. On the goals relating to health, most regions are off track, though the rate of progress varies substantially across regions, with East Asia, Europe and Central Asia, and Latin America in general doing better than the other regions.

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Global Monitoring Report 2009: A Development Emergency by World Bank

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