Environmental Economics

Download e-book for kindle: Energy Efficiency by Jenny Palm

By Jenny Palm

ISBN-10: 9533071370

ISBN-13: 9789533071374

Worldwide warming as a result of using fossil fuels is threatening the surroundings and effort potency is without doubt one of the most crucial how you can lessen this probability. undefined, shipping and structures are all excessive energy-using sectors on this planet or even within the such a lot technologically positive views power use is projected to extend within the subsequent 50 years. How and whilst power is used determines societys skill to create long term sustainable strength platforms. reason why this ebook, concentrating on strength potency in those sectors and from diversified views, is sharp and in addition vital for preserving a well-founded dialogue at the topic.

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Introduction Over the last two centuries, the human capacity to harness energy or transform heat into work, has dramatically improved. Since the first steam engine appeared in Great Britain, the first order thermodynamic efficiency (the rate of useful work over the heat released by the energy source) has soared from a mere 1 % to the 40 % of present engines, up to the 70% of the most recent power plants. Despite this efficiency revolution, energy consumption per capita has always increased (Banks, 2007).

We face therefore the counteractive interplay of degree of freedom, on two hierarchical levels, triggered by a saturation stage. To better stress how this interplay of degree of freedom, working in opposite directions, can be caused by saturation, it is best to approach physical systems for analogies. For example, if we increase the pressure of a gas in a specific volume, we reduce its degree of freedom and it consequently can become a liquid, at certain temperatures. At the same time, when a liquid changes its motion regime, as in BenĂ¡rd cells, from a pure, random dissipative system (Figure 5A) to a global dissipative one (Figure 5B), which displays features several magnitudes larger than molecules, a superstructure can arise that was previously available, but very unlikely.

Regardless to its importance, policy evaluation is often highly neglected. Policy documents are often adopted by governments and parliaments and afterwards there is no interest for impacts they have produced. Therefore, setting up the fully operable system for evaluation of energy efficiency is a complex process, which requires structural and practice changes among main stakeholders in policy making. Additionally, it has to be supported by M&V procedures, which require comprehensive data collection and analysis systems to develop energy efficiency indicators that will quantify policy effects.

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Energy Efficiency by Jenny Palm

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