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This e-book offers an account of all features of Einstein’s achievements in quantum concept, his personal perspectives, and the development his paintings has prompted considering that his dying. whereas a few chapters use arithmetic at an undergraduate physics point, a course is supplied for the reader extra excited by principles than equations, and the booklet will profit to anyone attracted to Einstein and his method of the quantum.
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Additional resources for Einstein's Struggles with Quantum Theory: A Reappraisal
From the practical point of view this piece of work was also of immense importance; stimulated emission is, of course, the basis of the laser, invented in the 1950s and of exceptional importance in industry and medicine. For the present book, the most interesting feature of this paper is the use of the rate equations above. The most natural interpretation, particularly of the spontaneous emission processes which occurred independently of the applied time-dependent field, would be that these take place randomly and thus nondeterministically.
It was also important for containing the work on the photoelectric effect, for which he was eventually awarded the Nobel prize in 1921. Let us stress why the photon concept was so challenging conceptually. To accept quantisation of energy inside a radiating system, as implied by Planck’s argument once it is fully comprehended, was definitely completely counter to our conceptions built up on general experience of physics, but, as long as energy remains unquantised while it is propagating, there is no direct clash with experimental evidence.
However it is fair to say that at the very least Kuhn shows convincingly that Planck’s presentation lacked some clarity, and that Einstein’s part in providing clarification in these fundamental matters was immense. To say this is no slur on Planck; clearly his was the first step and that must be a crucial one. It is true though, as Kuhn points out, that Einstein was frank about the limitations in Planck’s work. ’ It would seem that in a draft of his 1905 paper, of which more shortly, Einstein must have included severe criticisms of Planck, which Besso persuaded him to tone down.
Einstein's Struggles with Quantum Theory: A Reappraisal by Dipankar Home