By Christopher Bliss
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Additional info for Economic Growth and Resources: Natural Resources
2, Table 9B-1, p. 197. ( I -a) Ct aYoert aerk Thus the fraction of production going into the energy system, together with a, the growth rate of the economy, and the lead time of investment, determines the ratio EJC 1• Since both A as well as a depend, among other factors, upon the technology available, the most important parameters influencing the ratio Et/C 1 are the rate of technical progress and the growth rate of the economy. Assuming that the growth rate of the economy and technical progress are positively related, and assuming that Ais a decreasing, and a an increasing function of technical progress, one could envisage an equilibrium position between the growing demand for energy in a growing economy and the increased efficiency of the energy generation and transformation processes, thus keeping the net share of investment going into the expansion of the energy system as a percentage of total investment constant.
They must be given credit for raising concern about some severe symptoms of our technoeconomic system. But, as in the case of general growth, it is vital not to misinterpret these symptoms as characteristics of modern technology; characteristics which would safely permit discrimination between coal and nuclear energy, for example, and to discard one option in favour of the other. An example will illustrate the interdependence of energy resources, environmental constraints and general material resources, where attempts at curing some environmental symptoms might adversely affect the global ecological system.
4) quantifies the small degree of flexibility of long-term energy conservation. We stress longterm because conservation measures in a short-term context demand a different evaluation. 4- is definitely not future economic growth. Instead it is the quantum jump mankind has taken during the past 100 years. 5 TW. 2). The idea of low or zero growth is dangerous because it distracts from this fact. It is our present achievements and not an affiuent future that are at stake in the long run. 18 Economic Growth and Resources llL RENEWABLEENERGYSOURCES With this danger in mind we have to assess the global energy supply options that should gradually substitute for scarce oil and gas resources within a transition period of some 50 to 70 years.
Economic Growth and Resources: Natural Resources by Christopher Bliss