By Simonetta Zarrilli, Veena Jha, Rene Vossenaar, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
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Additional info for Eco-Labelling and International Trade
The authors also argue that some of the standards are not set on criteria that are transparent. 004 mg/I is not Eco-Labelling: Introduction and Review 11 c1ear, except perhaps that EU production technology meets that criterion. The paper on Poland 21 notes that eco-Iabel standards for wood products for the German market are being met by 80 per cent of those applying for certification (it does not say what proportion of producers applied for certification). 22 It is also pointed out that meeting these stricter standards will be very expensive and beyond the reach of many Polish producers.
Any interested party, including foreign producers, can take advantage of this process.
The proposed Colombian scheme is based on the German system of eco-Iabelling, its goals being both export promotion and the enhancement of domestic environmental consciousness. It is too early to comment on the impacts of the scheme, but the level of interest among domestic producers appears to be high. In Poland, the process of eco-Iabelling is getting under way, with the ultimate aim of harmonizing with the EU standards. The aim here is clearly to integrate within the European market. At the same time, there appears to be a range of eco-Iabels in place for plastics, dyestuffs and lamps.
Eco-Labelling and International Trade by Simonetta Zarrilli, Veena Jha, Rene Vossenaar, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development