New PDF release: Early Trilingualism: A Focus on Questions (Second Language

By Julia Barnes

ISBN-10: 1853598542

ISBN-13: 9781853598548

ISBN-10: 1853598550

ISBN-13: 9781853598555

The publication describes how a trilingual baby within the Basque nation, the place Spanish and Basque are the languages of the group, is ready to effectively collect English at domestic via interplay together with her mom. It specializes in her acquisition of the shape and serve as of English questions.

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Additional resources for Early Trilingualism: A Focus on Questions (Second Language Acquisition)

Example text

Helot (1988) describes patterns of language use in Dublin in two families with older children who have been brought up in three languages. The mothers are French and the fathers are native speakers of Irish. In one family French was used in the home and English was the community language; Irish was acquired at primary school. In the second family French and Irish were used by the respective parents and English was the community language. The study concludes that it is possible to raise children trilingually in a family context and achieve competence in three languages, though this may be at various levels (native-like, competent or working knowledge) and may vary over time (see also Hoffmann 1985).

Hulk (2000) looks at the acquisition of syntax in a French/German bilingual child and finds that input plays a crucial role. vp 04 October 2005 18:53:04 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Early Trilingualism 24 Hulk (2000: 75) suggests that bilingual children may find input in two languages ambiguous, and that it may be harder for them to ‘disambiguate’ when adult mixing may be providing erroneous cues. Schelletter (2000) describes negation as a cross-linguistic structure in a German/English bilingual child.

However, Hoffmann points out that although seven modes are possible, she has found only five to be used – the three monolingual codes and the two bilingual modes with the community language. She finds no evidence to support the existence of a trilingual speech mode. Hoffmann also comments that ‘trilingualism obviously shares a number of features with both bilingualism and multilingualism. At the same time, it retains characteristics of its own’ (Hoffmann, 2001:3). Early Trilingualism Reports of early multilingualism tend to be of two types.

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Early Trilingualism: A Focus on Questions (Second Language Acquisition) by Julia Barnes

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