By Douglas Frayne
The e-book Pre-Sargonic interval (2700-2350 BC) presents versions of all identified royal inscriptions of kings who governed in historical Mesopotamia right down to the arrival of King Sargon of Akkad. many of the inscriptions come from town states of Lagsh and Umma; inscriptions from different websites are quite poorly attested. the quantity encompasses a handful of recent inscriptions lately exposed in Iraq.
Information on museum numbers, excavation numbers, provenances, dimensions, and features preserved within the numerous exemplars are displayed for multi-exemplar texts in an easy-to-read tabular shape. additionally incorporated in different remark sections are notes at the find-spots of the inscriptions from Lagas and references approximately numerous toponymns to be mentioned in a coming near near examine of the writer at the geography of Lagas and Umma provinces.
Indexes of museum numbers, excavation numbers, and concordances of chosen courses whole the quantity.
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Extra resources for Early Periods, Volume 1: Pre-Sargonic Period, 2700-2350 BC (The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia)
The most recent bibliography of the technical discussion in this connection is found in F. Zeeb, Die Palastwirtschaft in Altsyrien nach den spätbabylonischen Getreidelieferlisten aus Alala˙, AOAT 282, pp. 73–89. Traditionally, the so-called Venus Tablets of Amm®≈aduqa served as a basis for Mesopotamian chronology establishing the possibilities of a “Low,” “Middle” or “High” chronology. J. Huber, in his Astronomical Dating of Babylon I and Ur III, has argued for a “High” chronology. On the other hand, two recent studies have suggested an “Ultra-Low” chronology, namely H.
A Reappraisal of Second-Millennium Chronology (=MHEM 4), Ghent and Chicago, 1998,” Akkadica 108 (1998) pp. 1–4. –Dec. 2000. Subsequently C. Michel and P. Rocher, in an article entitled “La chronologie du IIè millenaire revue à l’ombre d’une éclipse de soleil,” JEOL 35/36 (1997/2000) pp. 111–26, have used the evidence of an eclipse recorded in the Mari eponym chronicle and dendrochronological data to suggest that the Middle chronology should be lowered 51 years. , in Nature 381, 780 (1996) concerning the dendrochronological evidence from Gordion and other sites is to be modified as follows: We may note the following key revisions to synchronisms discussed previously.
Anchor Bible volume 4 p. 725) notes: The key characteristic feature of the S[outhern] system was the institution of city-states. Although it is clear that the origin of the city-state must have Introduction 7 been exceedingly ancient, certainly going back to the Uruk period, the lack of pertinent information makes it impossible to tell exactly how this institution came about. In its classic form, the southern city-state was a clearly demarcated territorial unit, comprising a major city, the state’s capital, and the surrounding countryside, with its towns and villages.
Early Periods, Volume 1: Pre-Sargonic Period, 2700-2350 BC (The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia) by Douglas Frayne