Linguistics

Download PDF by Joseph E. Emonds: Discovering Syntax: Clause Structures of English, German and

By Joseph E. Emonds

ISBN-10: 3110186829

ISBN-13: 9783110186826

The essays during this quantity, courting from 1991 onwards, specialise in hugely attribute buildings of English, Romance languages, and German. between clause-internal buildings, the main perplexing are English double gadgets, particle structures, and non-finite complementation (infinitives, participles and gerunds). Separate chapters partly I provide particularly entire analyses of every. those analyses are built-in into the framework of Emonds (2000), in which a simplified subcategorization conception absolutely expresses supplement choice. primary result of that framework represent the preliminary essay of half I. components. The self-contained essays can all be learn individually. they're wealthy in empirical documentation, and but in them all, options are developed round a coherent, fairly uncomplicated theoretical center. In Romance languages, vintage generative debates have singled out clitic and causative structures because the such a lot demanding. Separate essays partly II lay out the customarily advanced paradigms and suggest distinct syntactic ideas, easy of their total structure but wealthy in precise predictions. relating hobbies to clausal edges, specifically arguable subject matters comprise passives, English parasitic gaps, and the character of verb-second platforms exemplified by means of German.. The essays partially III every one use really miraculous yet nonetheless theoretically limited structural debts to unravel thorny difficulties in all 3.

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Additional resources for Discovering Syntax: Clause Structures of English, German and Romance

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On the other hand, certain finer analyses of extended projections of A (Corver, 1997) and P (van Riemsdijk, 1998b) argue that head and phrasal positions can be kept distinct, in line with suggestions in Chomsky (1986). 3. These include (i) coordinate conjunctions, (ii) the discourse particles or “delimiters” of several languages even, only, also, etc. which attach to any XP (Kuroda, 1965), and (iii) the emphatic particles too, so, either which appear only with finite verbs. (ii) and (iii) seem to escape classification as specifiers pre- Appendix.

8) would falsify the proposal. 8) a. Mary’s son {became/ looked/ remained/ seemed} {the dutiful teacher/ a (young woman’s) manly ideal}. She wanted to {become/ feel/ remain} {the/ a/ its} tobacco expert. b. {I don’t consider his son/ Nobody could judge you/ We hired you as} {the best speaker/ a good speaker/ his equal/ the town’s hope}. In contrast, these data actually confirm the present framework, because the theory of extended lexical projections requires that an NP appear within a DP shell.

This does not mean, however, that generative grammar has been operating with a model of why these types and combinations exist and not others. In fact, since embracing “s-selection” around 1980 it has not in practice even included a device to formally describe them – running on empty, so to speak. Precisely for this reason, formal modeling would have been better served by at least maintaining classical subcategorization. This work not only maintains subcategorization but I hope has significantly expanded the areas where it provides descriptive generalizations and explanations.

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Discovering Syntax: Clause Structures of English, German and Romance by Joseph E. Emonds


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