By Brad Hooker
Developing Deontology includes six new essays in moral thought by way of prime modern ethical philosophers. every one essay considers suggestions sought after within the improvement of deontological techniques to ethics, and those essays provide a useful contribution to that improvement.
- Essays are contributed by means of Michael Smith, Philip Stratton-Lake, Ralph Wedgewood, David Owens, Peter Vallentyne, and Elizabeth Harman - all major modern ethical philosophers
- Each essay deals an unique and formerly unpublished contribution to the subject
- A major addition to the sector for an individual with an curiosity within the improvement of deontology
- The assortment is edited by means of a number one philosophical scholar
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Extra info for Developing Deontology: New Essays in Ethical Theory
It is clear that the man’s colliding with the trolley is not an intrinsically bad state of affairs. It is bad only because of certain additional attendant circumstances (for example, it would not be bad if the man were completely invulnerable to any injuries that the collision might cause). But in fact, the man’s death is also not intrinsically bad either. The man’s death will certainly be a bad state of affairs if the man has a good life and wishes to go on living. But if he is suffering from an excruciating degenerative disease and longs for death, then his death is arguably not a bad state of affairs.
I have left it open that the states of affairs that are bad in the relevant way may be merely extrinsically rather than intrinsically bad. ) Thirdly, we also need to clarify our talk of ‘acts’ and ‘actions’. 4 An act-token is a particular act that is actually performed by a particular agent at a particular time. By contrast, an act-type can be performed on many different occasions, and by many different agents. Moreover, an act-type can exist even if it is never actually performed – the most that is required for the existence of an act-type is the possibility of there being a performance of that type.
In short, to solve this problem we need a conception of ‘bad states of affairs’ that has the following implications: the man’s death and the man’s colliding with the trolley are both bad states of affairs, although the death is a worse state of affairs than the collision; and the trolley’s being diverted onto the side track is not in the relevant sense a bad state of affairs at all. It is clear that the man’s colliding with the trolley is not an intrinsically bad state of affairs. It is bad only because of certain additional attendant circumstances (for example, it would not be bad if the man were completely invulnerable to any injuries that the collision might cause).
Developing Deontology: New Essays in Ethical Theory by Brad Hooker