Evolution

Determinants in the Evolution of the European Chemical by Anthony S. Travis (auth.), Anthony S. Travis, Harm G. PDF

By Anthony S. Travis (auth.), Anthony S. Travis, Harm G. Schröter, Ernst Homburg, Peter J. T. Morris (eds.)

ISBN-10: 904814972X

ISBN-13: 9789048149728

ISBN-10: 9401712336

ISBN-13: 9789401712330

The editors desire to thank the eu technological know-how origin for its aid of the programme at the Evolution of Chemistry in Europe, 1789-1939, in addition to for sponsoring the e-book of this quantity. in the course of the subdivision of this initiative that bargains particularly with chemical it's been attainable for historians of technology, expertise, enterprise and economics to proportion usually greatly differing viewpoints and boost consensus throughout disciplinary and cultural obstacles. The contents of this quantity are in keeping with the 3rd of 3 workshops that experience thought of the emergence of the fashionable ecu chemical ahead of 1939, the 1st held in Liege (1994), the second one in Maastricht (1995), and the 3rd in Strasbourg (1996). All participants and contributors are thanked for his or her participation in usually energetic and informative debates. The beneficiant hospitality of the eu technology beginning and its employees in Strasbourg is gratefully stated. advent rising chemical wisdom and the improvement of chemical undefined, and especially the interplay among them, supply wealthy fields of research for the historian. this is often mirrored within the contents of the 3 workshops facing the emergence of chemical held less than the aegis of the eu technological know-how Foundation's Evolution of Chemistry in Europe, 1789-1939, programme. the 1st workshop centred regularly on technology for undefined, 1789- 1850, and the second one at the two-way site visitors among technological know-how and undefined, 1850-1914. The 3rd workshop, facing the interval 1900-1939, covers related concerns, yet inside various, and wider, contexts.

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Additional resources for Determinants in the Evolution of the European Chemical Industry, 1900–1939: New Technologies, Political Frameworks, Markets and Companies

Sample text

That year, as Haber puts it, "the allies intention to fight a vigorous and effective gas war were beset by ... "48 While the situation remained bleak throughout 1915, few in Britain knew the organizational difficulties their counterparts in Germany were facing. B. " His message lit a slow fuse that exploded in a letter to The Times in February 1916, and then in a highly publicized conference in London in May. Of the six convenors of the conference, two were chemists, who used the history of Britain ' s poor industrial performance to rally support for the reform of science education and for the dedication of public money to "Presidential Address," Proceedings o/the institute o/Chemistry, (1918), (I), 33-34.

6) Haber, Chemical Industry, op. cit. (7), p. 210; sec E. Vinet, "la Guerre dcs gas et les travaux des services chimiques t;-an~ais," Chim. ellnd, 2 (Nos. 11-12), (1919),1377-1415 . 64 CHEMISTRY FOR KING AND KAISER 41 the war. G. Farben group60 A comparison of the British and German industrial combines, public and private, has yet to be attempted. Germany's decision to begin unrestricted submarine warfare on I February 1917 signalled the beginning of the end of its attempts to forestall the supply of Allied forces.

In this respect, it becomes useful to ask: what did contemporaries consider significant about their experience of wartime scientific developments; what is known, and what remains to be understood, about the sequential engagements between government practices, military requirements, industrial capabilities, and applied science; and what new evidence and interpretations await historians of modern chemistry? This paper endeavours to suggest the merits of using a comparative, chronological framework, within which we may begin to look more closely at the narrative of wartime chemistry, at its military, industrial and academic dimensions, and at its consequences for managerial organization and technological innovation.

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Determinants in the Evolution of the European Chemical Industry, 1900–1939: New Technologies, Political Frameworks, Markets and Companies by Anthony S. Travis (auth.), Anthony S. Travis, Harm G. Schröter, Ernst Homburg, Peter J. T. Morris (eds.)


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