By Sara J. Shettleworth
How do animals understand the area, research, take note, look for meals or buddies, converse, and locate their means round? Do any nonhuman animals count number, imitate each other, use a language, or have a tradition? What are the makes use of of cognition in nature and the way could it have advanced? what's the present prestige of Darwin's declare that different species percentage an identical "mental powers" as people, yet to diversified levels?
In this thoroughly revised moment version of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses those questions, between others, via integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a distinct and wide-ranging synthesis of conception and learn on animal cognition, within the broadest sense--from species-specific variations of imaginative and prescient in fish and associative studying in rats to discussions of concept of brain in chimpanzees, canines, and ravens. She studies the newest study on subject matters equivalent to episodic reminiscence, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding habit in animals, in addition to contemporary theories approximately what makes human cognition unique.
In all the things of this re-creation, Shettleworth contains findings and theoretical methods that experience emerged because the first version used to be released in 1998. The chapters at the moment are equipped into 3 sections: basic Mechanisms (perception, studying, categorization, memory), actual Cognition (space, time, quantity, actual causation), and Social Cognition (social wisdom, social studying, communication). Shettleworth has additionally additional new chapters on evolution and the mind and on numerical cognition, and a brand new bankruptcy on actual causation that integrates theories of instrumental habit with discussions of foraging, making plans, and power utilizing.
Read or Download Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior (2nd Edition) PDF
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Extra resources for Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior (2nd Edition)
The Animal Behavior Society and the Comparative Cognition Society both have comprehensive websites with links to researchers’ sites, news, and events in the area. Given the ease with which these resources can be located, on the whole this book does not include specific references to online material. 2 Evolution, Behavior, and Cognition: A Primer Thanks to the admonitions of writers like Hodos and Campbell (1969) and Beach (1950), comparative psychologists have largely stopped interpreting species differences in terms of the scala naturae.
Thus research with nonhuman species can provide well-grounded hypotheses for testing in humans as well as a model for how such hypotheses should be tested (Daly and Wilson 1999). , in the broad sense, see Heyes 2000). Some contemporary researchers directly address questions about the evolution of human cognition through studies with other species, for example seeking to combine insights from genetics, neurobiology, anthropology, child development, field studies of primate behavior, and laboratory tests to understand the fundamental question of what makes us different from even our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees and other primates (Chapter 15 and Gunter et al.
4. For seven fictitious species, the relationship between a phylogenetic tree (divergence as a function of time), a cladistic classification, and—for species 5—the traditional classification in terms of species, genus, and so forth. As an example of how to read panel b, species 1 and 2 share a character they do not share with species 3, while all three of them share a character not shared with species 4–7. Redrawn from Ridley (1993) with permission. 5. Phylogenetic relationships of old-world monkeys, apes, and humans as revealed by DNA hybridization.
Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior (2nd Edition) by Sara J. Shettleworth