By Lee Dugatkin
Cooperation is the cloth that retains society jointly. Civilization couldn't were accomplished - and won't be sustained - with out it. yet what's it? How and why does it paintings? may perhaps the key of improving human cooperation lie in an research of the animal state? In dishonest Monkeys and Citizen Bees, evolution and animal habit professional Professor Lee Dugatkin, recognized during the educational neighborhood for his inventive animal habit experiments, stories from the leading edge of clinical learn at the startling evolutionary fact approximately cooperation and the way it really works. He explains the 4 paths to cooperation that we proportion with animals and offers the experimentally established definitions of a habit not anyone concept technological know-how may perhaps ever clarify. these readers with an curiosity in ecology, evolutionary biology, psychology, even anthropology will locate dishonest Monkeys and Citizen Bees an important instruction manual of the dynamics of cooperation. and everybody will locate it to be a lucid creation to the superb evolutionary heritage of the way we got here to act within the ways in which we do, of the way nature got here to be much less brutal than we have a tendency to imagine.
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Extra resources for Cheating Monkeys and Citizen Bees: The Nature of Cooperation in Animals and Humans
Evidence from ecological studies may also be brought to bear. See also molecular phylogenetics. biology The study of living organisms, including their structure, function, evolution, interrelationships, behavior, and distribution. biome A major regional terrestrial community of plants and animals with similar life forms and environmental conditions. It is the largest geographical biotic unit, and is named after the dominant type of vegetation, such as tropical rainforest, grassland, desert, tundra, etc.
The extinction of 80–90% of the diverse types of marine invertebrates at the end of the Cambrian and the survival of the remainder, which were the ancestors of the majority of present-day phyla, could be due either to a period of punctuational Cambrian explosion See Burgess shale; Cambrian; Paleozoic. canalization The limitation of phenotypic variation by developmental mechanisms. canalizing selection Selection that uses an organism’s developmental mechanisms to repress deleterious phenotypic changes.
Membranipora (Miocene to Recent) and Lunulites (Cretaceous to Eocene). other organisms with no known relatives, either living or fossil. Such an example is the strange segmented Opabinia, with its prominent frontal nozzle and five eyes. g. trilobites), and prompting speculation about why so few forms survived (10–20%) and so many others became extinct. This evidence for a Cambrian explosion (see Cambrian) depicted in the Burgess shale has also been discovered in deposits in China near Chengjiang.
Cheating Monkeys and Citizen Bees: The Nature of Cooperation in Animals and Humans by Lee Dugatkin