By Jorge E. Rivera
It truly is more and more universal for companies to stand public regulations and govt rules that call for a few kind of environmental or social defense. those protecting public regulations have grown in quantity, complexity, and stringency during the last few many years, not just in industrialized nations but additionally within the constructing international. during this booklet, Jorge Rivera offers a brand new theoretical framework for figuring out the connection among protecting public guidelines and company compliance. This framework explains diversified degrees of commercial compliance when it comes to 3 various factors: the hyperlink among the phases of protecting public guidelines and diversified degrees of industrial resistance, the impression of nation context, and the influence of firm-level features. the second one a part of the publication helps and elaborates in this framework via proposing empirical reports that study voluntary environmental courses: the U.S. ski industry's Sustainable Slopes software and the Certification for Sustainable Tourism in Costa Rica.
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Additional resources for Business and Public Policy: Responses to Environmental and Social Protection Processes (Business, Value Creation, and Society)
Than other interest groups to narrow, self-Â�interested policymakers and regulators focused on maintaining their positions, increasing their power, and/or enhancing their wealth after leaving government (Levine and Forrence, 1990). Capture theory also suggests that, compared to business interests, other interest groups involved in the policy process lack the expertise and resources to sustain the long-term advocacy required to guarantee the advancement of the public interest by government policies and regulations (Sabatier, 1975).
1. 10 To be sure, the proportion of corporate executives holding board of directors’ positions is significantly lower among more combative environmental groups such as the Natural Resources Defense Council, where they comprise 36 percent of the board members (12 percent are from major law firm partners) (Natural Resources Defense Council, 2008). Implementation stage During policy implementation, government agencies are in charge of developing regulations and deploying monitoring and enforcement efforts to execute protective policies.
Business managers also tend to have a skewed idea of the importance and legitimacy of nonprofit organizations; often considering only a small number of major environmental and social protection groups as politically influential and/or legitimate policy process actors (Fligstein and McAdam, 1993; others). Thus, other things being equal, at this very early point of the policy process, scientific studies and demands from activist groups are respectively more likely to be seen by firm managers as inscrutable or fringe claims that illegitimately challenge protective policies’ institutionalized regulatory order (Hart and Sharma, 2004; March and Olsen, 1989; Tolbert and Zucker, 1996).
Business and Public Policy: Responses to Environmental and Social Protection Processes (Business, Value Creation, and Society) by Jorge E. Rivera