By Rob Tripp
This ebook addresses the continued controversy over the capability impression of genetically transformed (GM) vegetation in constructing international locations. Supporters of the know-how declare it bargains the best hopes for expanding agricultural creation and lowering rural poverty, whereas competitors see it as an untested intervention that would carry company keep an eye on of peasant farming. The ebook examines the problems by means of reviewing the adventure of GM, insect-resistant cotton, the main largely grown GM crop in constructing nations.
The publication starts off with an advent to agricultural biotechnology, a short exam of the historical past of cotton construction know-how (and the associations required to aid that technology), and a radical assessment of the literature at the agronomic functionality of GM cotton. It then presents a evaluate of the commercial and institutional results of GM cotton through the first decade of its use. The center of the publication is 4 kingdom case reports in keeping with unique fieldwork within the central constructing nations starting to be GM cotton (China, India, South Africa and Colombia). The e-book concludes with a precis of the event to this point and implications for the way forward for GM vegetation in constructing countries.
This evaluation demanding situations those that have anticipated technological failure through describing situations during which GM cotton has confirmed worthy and has been enthusiastically taken up through smallholders. however it additionally demanding situations those that declare that biotechnology can take the lead in agricultural improvement through reading the precarious institutional foundation on which those hopes leisure in such a lot international locations. The research exhibits how biotechnology’s capability contribution to agricultural improvement needs to be obvious as part of (and usually secondary to) extra basic coverage switch. The publication can be of curiosity to a large viewers curious about agricultural improvement. this might comprise teachers within the social and agricultural sciences, donor organisations and NGOs.
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Additional resources for Biotechnology and Agricultural Development Transgenic Cotton, Rural Institutions and Resource-poor Farmers
There are a number of advantages to the development of such markets for agricultural inputs, but they serve the needs of smallholders only if they provide adequate information. Unfortunately, there is good evidence that resource-poor farmers often do not have even the most basic information about the crop varieties they are growing. Many farmers using modern varieties of food staples are unable to give their names; in one instance more than 40 per cent of Philippine farmers claiming to be growing a disease-resistant rice variety were mistaken (Tripp 2001b).
Unfortunately, there is good evidence that resource-poor farmers often do not have even the most basic information about the crop varieties they are growing. Many farmers using modern varieties of food staples are unable to give their names; in one instance more than 40 per cent of Philippine farmers claiming to be growing a disease-resistant rice variety were mistaken (Tripp 2001b). Similarly, when rice varieties resistant to brown plant hopper were developed and made available, farmers continued to use high amounts of insecticide (Rola and Pingali 1993).
Chapter 9 provides a thorough review of the experience of smallholder cotton in South Africa. Chapter 10 provides a summary of the results from the case studies and discusses more general implications for policies and programs in support of smallholder agriculture in developing countries. 2 Cotton production and technology Robert Tripp If genetic engineering is a technology fraught with controversy and symbolism, it would be difficult to find a more perfectly matched crop than cotton. Cotton cultivation has been at the heart of some of the world’s most inequitable regimes and is a subject of debates regarding environmental pollution, peasant exploitation and the injustices of world trading systems; at the same time, cotton is a natural fibre whose cultivation can allow farmers in developing countries to take advantage of domestic and international markets and to achieve productive livelihoods.
Biotechnology and Agricultural Development Transgenic Cotton, Rural Institutions and Resource-poor Farmers by Rob Tripp