By Katy Börner
Maps of actual areas find us on this planet and aid us navigate surprising routes. Maps of topical areas aid us visualize the level and constitution of our collective wisdom; they demonstrate bursts of task, pathways of principles, and borders that beg to be crossed. This booklet, from the writer of Atlas of technology, describes the facility of topical maps, delivering readers with rules for visualizing wisdom and supplying as examples 40 large-scale and greater than a hundred small-scale full-color maps.
Today, information literacy is changing into as very important as language literacy. Well-designed visualizations can rescue us from a sea of knowledge, assisting us to make experience of knowledge, attach principles, and make greater judgements in actual time. In Atlas of information, major visualization professional Katy Börner makes the case for a structures technological know-how method of technology and expertise experiences and explains differing kinds and degrees of study. Drawing on fifteen years of educating and power improvement, she introduces a theoretical framework intended to steer readers via consumer and activity research; information guidance, research, and visualization; visualization deployment; and the translation of technology maps. To exemplify the framework, the Atlas good points remarkable and enlightening new maps from the preferred “Places & areas: Mapping Science” show that diversity from “Key occasions within the improvement of the Video Tape Recorder” to “Mobile Landscapes: place info from mobile phones for city Analysis” to “Literary Empires: Mapping Temporal and Spatial Settings of Victorian Poetry” to “Seeing criteria: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe.” She additionally discusses the potential impression of technology maps at the perform of technological know-how.
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Additional info for Atlas of Knowledge: Anyone Can Map
Involving users in data compilation, analysis, and visualization is the only way to ensure accuracy and relevance of results (see page 40, User Needs Acquisition). Data Quality and Coverage Data quality and coverage affect the type and level of analysis that can be performed. Answering “when” questions requires that data records have time stamps. Individual and global studies require data at the individual and global levels, respectively. Comparison tasks can only be supported if equivalent data on the entities to be compared is available.
Position, color or shape; see page 34). To give an example, a set of five maps is shown on the left. S. Map of Contiguous States on the top is the reference system, or the base map. Below it, four data overlays are given. The Disjoint Cartogram Map plots data onto the size of each state by rescaling each state around its centroid, which preserves local shape but not topography. S. presidential election results. States in red represent a majority vote for the Republican candidate, Mitt Romney; those in blue reflect a majority vote for the Democratic candidate, Barack Obama.
Improvements in the use and speed of transportation combined with increasing educational specialization and expertise lead to more migration trails of greater distances. Different types of migration include the forced migration of slave labor (see below image on The Atlantic Slave Trade); reluctant migration by individuals who must flee due to warfare or political conflict; and voluntary or volitional migration of individuals who choose to relocate in pursuit of more promising opportunities. The last type depends on key criteria, including social factors such as standard of living or proximity to family and friends—all of which are tempered by cultural, historical, linguistic, or weather considerations— and the active encouragement of legal measures such as visa and immigration controls.
Atlas of Knowledge: Anyone Can Map by Katy Börner