Environmental Economics

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By Organization for Economic Cooperation &

ISBN-10: 9264026576

ISBN-13: 9789264026575

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Extra resources for Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment: Good Practice Guidance for Development Co-operation (Dac Guidelines and Reference Series)

Example text

Macro-level development outcomes. Limited review of cumulative impacts, often limited to phases of a specific project. Does not cover regional-scale developments or multiple projects. Inherently incorporates consideration of cumulative impacts. 3. SEA: A family of approaches using a variety of tools Legal, procedural, institutional and political factors in different circumstances and countries will generally determine the way in which SEA is defined and applied. 2. 2. Some examples of tools that could be used in SEA ● Tools for ensuring full stakeholder engagement: ❖ Stakeholder analysis to identify those affected and involved in the PPP decision ❖ Consultation surveys ❖ Consensus building processes ● Tools for predicting environmental and socio-economic effects: ❖ Modelling or forecasting of direct environmental effects ❖ Matrices and network analysis ❖ Participatory or consultative techniques ❖ Geographical information systems as a tool to analyse, organise and present information ● Tools for analysing and comparing options: ❖ Scenario analysis and multi-criteria analysis ❖ Risk analysis or assessment ❖ Cost benefit analysis ❖ Opinion surveys to identify priorities These and a selection of other decision-making tools are described in Annex C.

A policy reform or programme will be far more effective when the values, views, opinions and knowledge of the public are reflected in the decisionmaking process. 5). 5. Sector EA of Mexican Tourism Issue Tourism accounts for approximately 9% of Mexico’s GDP. It is the country’s third largest source of foreign currency (US$10 800 million a year), drawing more than 52 million domestic and 20 million international visitors in 2004. However, if de-linked from sustainable planning and investment, tourism growth can threaten the very resource on which it is based.

7. Safeguarding environmental assets for sustainable development and poverty reduction SEA enhances the prospects of safeguarding the environment and the natural systems that are the critical foundations for human health and livelihood. The world’s poor depend most directly and heavily on natural resources both for subsistence and income opportunities. MDG 7, aiming to ensure environmental sustainability, is a cornerstone on which strategies to reduce poverty must be built. 6). * UNDP/UNEP/IIED/IUCN/WRI 2005.

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Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment: Good Practice Guidance for Development Co-operation (Dac Guidelines and Reference Series) by Organization for Economic Cooperation &

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