By Erin McKenna, Andrew Light
What does American pragmatism give a contribution to modern debates approximately human-animal relationships? Does it recognize our connections to all residing issues? Does it convey us toward a moral therapy of all animals? What approximately searching, vegetarianism, animal experimentation, and the welfare of livestock? whereas questions on human kinfolk with animals were with us for millennia, there was a marked upward push in public wisdom approximately animal concerns - even McDonald's advertises that they use humanely taken care of animals as nutrition resources. In "Animal Pragmatism", 12 energetic and provocative essays tackle matters on the intersection of pragmatist philosophy and animal welfare. subject matters disguise a huge variety of matters, together with ethical attention of animals, the ethics of animal experimentation, institutional animal care, environmental defense of animal habitat, farm animal welfare, animal verbal exchange, and animal morals. Readers who engage with animals, no matter if as pets or on a plate, will discover a strong and engaging exploration of human-nonhuman relationships. Its individuals are: James M. Albrecht, Douglas R. Anderson, Steven Fesmire, Glenn Kuehn, Todd Lekan, Andrew gentle, John J. McDermott, Erin McKenna, Phillip McReynolds, Ben Minteer, Matthew Pamental, Paul Thompson, and Jennifer Welchman.
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Extra resources for Animal Pragmatism: Rethinking Human-Nonhuman Relationships
In the chapter from his Principles of Psychology titled “The Stream of Thought,” James argues that we humans, as ¤nite creatures who must habitually and continually focus our attention in order to ful¤ll our desires, “actually ignore most of the things before us” (70). 8 In the concluding pages of “The Stream of Thought,” James raises the ethical implications of this selective attention, arguing that since ethics involve choices between competing possibilities (72), nearly all human consciousness is imbued with an ethical character: “the mind is at every stage a theatre of simultaneous possibilities,” he notes, involving the “selection of some, and the repression of the rest by the reinforcing and inhibiting agency of attention” (73).
Here again, and more deliberately than in “The Stream of Thought,” James includes “creatures and people different from ourselves” in his ethical scope (629; emphasis added), approvingly citing the following passage from Josiah Royce that enjoins us to acknowledge throughout nature strivings akin to our own: Pain is pain, joy is joy, everywhere, even as in thee. In all the songs of the forest birds; in all the cries of the wounded and dying, struggling in the captor’s power; in the boundless sea where the myriads of water-creatures strive and die; amid the countless hordes of savage men; .
10–11). The real disagreement between a utilitarian and Kantian approach, he argues, is about what constitutes just acknowledgment of inherent value: utilitarians “prefer to maximize bene¤ts to individuals, rather than to restrict such bene¤ts by a requirement that no individual may be harmed” (11). Equal consideration of interests, Singer insists, is a suf¤cient tool for condemning practices that unjustly sacri¤ce the interest of some beings to satisfy the interests of others. 12 This brief sketch will be suf¤cient to suggest how a Deweyan pragmatist might intervene in this debate.
Animal Pragmatism: Rethinking Human-Nonhuman Relationships by Erin McKenna, Andrew Light