Techniques

Read e-book online Anaesthetic and Sedative Techniques for Aquatic Animals, PDF

ISBN-10: 1405149388

ISBN-13: 9781405149389

ISBN-10: 1444302264

ISBN-13: 9781444302264

Content material:
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–5):
Chapter 2 Defining pressure in Aquatic Animals (pages 7–21):
Chapter three ache in Aquatic Animals (pages 23–39): omit Bryony L. Ross
Chapter four the character of Anaesthesia, Sedation and Analgesia (pages 41–51):
Chapter five The beneficial properties of Anaesthetic brokers (pages 53–56):
Chapter 6 Anaesthesia and laws (pages 57–63):
Chapter 7 elements Affecting the reaction of Aquatic Ectotherms to Anaesthesia (pages 65–68):
Chapter eight Anaesthesia of Fish: I. Inhalation Anaesthesia (pages 69–126):
Chapter nine Anaesthesia of Fish: II. Inhalation Anaesthesia utilizing Gases (pages 127–135):
Chapter 10 Anaesthesia of Fish: III. Parenteral and Oral Anaesthesia (pages 137–149):
Chapter eleven Anaesthesia of Fish: IV. Non?Chemical equipment (pages 151–166):
Chapter 12 Anaesthesia of Aquatic Invertebrates (pages 167–178):
Chapter thirteen Anaesthesia of Amphibians and Reptiles (pages 179–190):
Chapter 14 Transportation and Anaesthesia (pages 191–208):
Chapter 15 Concluding feedback (pages 209–210):

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Additional info for Anaesthetic and Sedative Techniques for Aquatic Animals, Third Edition

Sample text

Naitoh. , Bioelectric basis of behavior in protozoa, Am. , 14 (1974) 883– 893. P. and Muntz, W. , 14(7) (1974) 505–514. , Cephalopods and fish – the limits of convergence, Biol. , 47 (1972) 241–307. M. , Churchill Livingstone, 2003, 797 p. , The neurobehavioral nature of fishes and the question of awareness and pain, Rev. Fish. , 10(1) (2002) 1–38. Sherrington, C. , The Integrative Action of the Nervous System, Scribner, New York, 1906. A. , 1991, 352 p. , Ramnath, K. , 2007. vet. htm. Accessed August 2007.

Opioids Most vertebrates have been shown to produce opioids (morphine-like compounds), the most common types of which are endorphins and encephalins. These are released in response to noxious stimuli, the adaptive significance of which must be to provide a level of analgesia that helps protect the animal against the adverse effects of tissue damage. The ability to produce these endorphins and encephalins and the presence of specific receptors for them is considered to be evidence for nociception and possibly pain perception.

The position of other advanced invertebrates remains under constant review. Nociception and pain perception in aquatic vertebrates In recent years, interest in investigation of nociception in lower vertebrates and invertebrates has grown substantially. Much of this has been aimed at improved animal welfare, in which nociception and pain perception are major factors. The major problem encountered when considering this issue is the wide variety of nervous system anatomies found even within the lower vertebrates.

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