An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret by Z. Gabsi. PDF

By Z. Gabsi.

The Tunisian Berber (or Shilha) vernaculars are one of the least defined Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages to today. even supposing they've been provisionally assigned to the North-Berber workforce in the Berber department of Afroasiatic, their fast association is still an open query. The significant activity of this current paintings is to explain the phonology, morphology and syntax of Douiret. much less important to the goals of the research is the research of the elemental wordstores of the 3 surviving Shilha types which come with Douiret, Chninni (or Chenini) and Ouirsighen (Jerba). The Shilha number of Douiret is selected for this learn since it nonetheless keeps a few primary parts of Berber constitution which aren't very numerous to different Berber languages similar to Kabyle and Tamazight. The study exhibits that Tunisian Berber nonetheless survives at the present time, yet its destiny continues to be doubtful within the face of the forces of urbanisation, financial migration and absence of presidency help all of that could give a contribution hypothetically to its most likely loss of life. This learn may be pursued as regards to the social and cultural context of the Tunisian Berber vernaculars. study at the nature of language touch bewtween Tunisian Arabic and Shilha is virtually non-existent and during this learn, is a secondary difficulty. The robust impression of the neighborhood Arabic superstratum on Shilha in phonology, morphology, syntax and lexis can also be investigated, in addition to the presence of Berber components within the special Arabic dialect of Tunisia. because the thesis identify indicates, this research shouldn't be taken because the final notice on Berber in Tunisia. The little to be had facts on Berber in Tunisia makes the duty tougher in constructing a transparent photograph of its constitution and dating with different Berber languages corresponding to Kabyle and Tamazight.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) (Education)

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Extra resources for An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia)

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By the term satellite or 'movable affix', the author discusses how personal pronoun indices attract these satellites such as the particle d; referred to in Berber literature as particule de rapprochement. When this particle is added to a verb, it conveys the meaning of 'returning to the speaker' (Collins 1981: 290), as in: Dou. dwl-y ay-retumed=I towards-here 'I returned' Collins ( 1981: 291) brings forward the idea that in Berber, the verbal theme with its proclitics and 'movable affixes' 40 may be considered as separate entities on their own right.

Consequently, this conflict resulted in some of these Berbers immigrating to Tunisia and find refuge in Jebel Ghomrassen. This confirms some claims by the locals in Douiret that they originate from the Seguia Hamra. IO 10 For further analysis, see Louis (I 975:28). Chapter 1 General Introduction 12 With the establishment of the Husseinite dynasty (1705), southern Tunisia consisted of the following inhabitants: 11 1. South-East of Tunisia: The inhabitants include the Urghemma or arabized Berbers 12 , Matmata Berbers, remnants of the Demer Berbers, remnants of the Oulad Dabbab (Arabs who came with the Hilalian tribe), a fraction of the descendants of the Haraba Tribe who came in the first Arab conquest of North Africa and include (Trafia, Mekhalba and Dehiba), Maraboutic13 tribes of Mednine and Temara (today Metmour) and tribes referred to as the Berber Jbeliyye.

The q$ffr' s architecture is unique. It is a building with small rooms stacked on top of each other in a circle which creates a small courtyard used to house animals. These rooms or ghoifas are used mainly as a storage place. The most typical feature of the q~ar is that its rooms are internally accessible and constitute a veritable maze. In addition, the exterior of q#fr have stairs which were constructed in a random fashion in order to stop rodents entering these rooms and destroying its content.

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