Environmental Economics

Download e-book for kindle: Ageing And Employment Policies: The Arable Crop Sector by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation a

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation a

ISBN-10: 9264009965

ISBN-13: 9789264009967

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Additional resources for Ageing And Employment Policies: The Arable Crop Sector (Agriculture, Trade and the Environment)

Sample text

In Finland, between 1995-2002, the share of arable farms receiving agricultural support with less than 20 ha has fallen from 56% to 44%, while the share of farms with more than 50 ha has more than doubled from 7% to 17% (MTT, 2003). 2. Average size of cereal farms in selected countries 30 ha 25 20 Germany Spain 15 France Italy Japan 10 5 0 1985 1987 1990 1993 1995 1997 2000 Notes: Japan: farms cultivating rice. Australia, with an average area of 1 654 ha in 2000, cannot be shown on this graph. Sources: OECD Secretariat, based on EUROSTAT; Statistical Yearbook, MAFF, Japan.

Average area and application rates of fertilisers by nutrient and crop, 1992-20001 Wheat Canada France Germany Italy Poland Spain United Kingdom United States (spring) United States (winter) Maize Canada France France (silage) Germany (silage) Italy Mexico United States Barley Canada France Germany Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States Rice (Paddy) Japan Korea United States Rapeseed Canada France Germany United Kingdom United States Soybeans Canada Mexico United States Sunflow er 2 France Hungary 2 Italy Spain Turkey United States Area (1 000 ha) N P 2O 5 Rate (Kg/ha) K 2O 12260 3735 2682 2345 2510 2166 1993 19573 13138 46 157 144 99 76 86 186 71 75 25 54 31 67 34 43 47 37 41 5 49 83 36 44 26 49 36 54 1023 1752 1442 1182 990 7859 30286 152 166 48 79 178 82 145 51 66 31 31 90 24 63 95 53 56 31 42 3 84 4450 2250 2164 3556 3439 1206 3144 63 118 133 73 43 120 45 25 45 27 38 25 49 19 10 32 35 23 0 57 7 2030 1090 1249 82 149 150 95 71 40 82 82 44 4271 729 844 383 437 68 151 143 189 150 20 54 48 49 120 15 92 98 51 84 807 301 25727 11 30 32 34 34 40 99 810 520 516 1043 591 1179 56 50 55 19 96 23 53 13 63 12 46 8 102 15 46 11 24 6 72 Notes: 1.

1. 4. Chemical inputs Increased use of agro-chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides has been one of the most prominent factors increasing arable crop yields. Historically, around one-third of the increase in cereal production worldwide has been attributed to increased fertiliser consumption (FAO, 2003). Fertiliser and pesticide use vary significantly by arable crop, by country and by region. Their rate of application depends on a variety of factors, including soil type, crop mix, crop rotation, irrigation, climate, technology and government policies.

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Ageing And Employment Policies: The Arable Crop Sector (Agriculture, Trade and the Environment) by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation a


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