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By Melissa Frazier

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Extra info for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms

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The strong and weak cases are distinguished by ablaut: the strong with full o-grade or lengthened e-grade, and the weak 31 with full e-grade. Many root nouns and r/n- stems belong to this accent class (Kim 2002, Schindler 1975a). 5 (see Appendix A for a full list of the athematic nouns referenced in this paper and sources). Underlyingly, the stem of an acrostatic noun contains an accented root (Halle 1997) and either an accented or unaccented suffix (RÂSÂ or RÂS) (or no suffix at all if it is a root noun).

These inflectional endings are vital for the creation of the accent classes, or, more specifically, the endings are the reason there is alternating accent in all but the acrostatic accent class. I will show that the strong case endings must be dominant, while the weak case endings are not dominant (and accented). The dominant case endings require a change in accent (or ablaut) in the stem as compared to a stem inflected with a weak ending. 36 This fact was recognized by Kiparsky and Halle (1977: 210), who claimed that certain morphemes must trigger a “deaccentuation rule”.

In summary of the suffix/ending distinction: suffixes are derivational, always undergo ablaut, and are non-final morphemes; endings are inflectional, may or may not undergo ablaut, and are word-final morphemes. It is noteworthy that none of the strong endings are reconstructed with a vowel. This is expected given that strong endings never receive stress and thus no vowel would ever surface even if one existed underlyingly. Previous literature has assumed that the strong endings are unaccented, and there is certainly no data that would contradict this claim.

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Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms by Melissa Frazier


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