By Melissa Frazier
Read Online or Download Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms PDF
Similar linguistics books
For the earlier 40 years, linguistics has been ruled via the concept language is specific and linguistic competence discrete. It has turn into more and more transparent, even though, that many degrees of illustration, from phonemes to condemn constitution, convey probabilistic homes, as does the language school.
English self-forms and similar phrases from different Germanic languages (e. g. Dutch zelf, Swedish själv, and so forth. ) are utilized in diverse features: as ‘intensifiers’ (e. g. The president himself made the choice) and as markers of reflexivity (John criticized himself). at the foundation of a comparative syntactic and semantic research, this publication addresses the query of why such it sounds as if diversified services will be expressed by way of an identical note.
Prior examine at the Sabellian languages has been committed mostly to the phonetic and morphological positive factors of those languages as parts for the reconstruction of the prehistoric phases of Latin. the current booklet goals at analysing the semantic, syntactic, and pragmatic positive factors of a subset of grammatical phrases, the demonstratives.
Each language comprises layers of lexical and grammatical parts that entered it at diversified instances within the kind of far-off prior. as a result, for sessions previous our earliest ancient documentation, linguistic stratigraphy — the systematic research of such layers — may well yield information regarding the prehistory of a given culture of conversing in a number of methods.
- Reinventing Identities: The Gendered Self in Discourse (Language and Gender Series)
- The Elusiveness of the Ordinary: Studies in the Possibility of Philosophy
- Modern English Practice
- Extra English Workbook 2
- Circum-Baltic Languages, Volume 1: Past and Present (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Extra info for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms
The strong and weak cases are distinguished by ablaut: the strong with full o-grade or lengthened e-grade, and the weak 31 with full e-grade. Many root nouns and r/n- stems belong to this accent class (Kim 2002, Schindler 1975a). 5 (see Appendix A for a full list of the athematic nouns referenced in this paper and sources). Underlyingly, the stem of an acrostatic noun contains an accented root (Halle 1997) and either an accented or unaccented suffix (RÂSÂ or RÂS) (or no suffix at all if it is a root noun).
These inflectional endings are vital for the creation of the accent classes, or, more specifically, the endings are the reason there is alternating accent in all but the acrostatic accent class. I will show that the strong case endings must be dominant, while the weak case endings are not dominant (and accented). The dominant case endings require a change in accent (or ablaut) in the stem as compared to a stem inflected with a weak ending. 36 This fact was recognized by Kiparsky and Halle (1977: 210), who claimed that certain morphemes must trigger a “deaccentuation rule”.
In summary of the suffix/ending distinction: suffixes are derivational, always undergo ablaut, and are non-final morphemes; endings are inflectional, may or may not undergo ablaut, and are word-final morphemes. It is noteworthy that none of the strong endings are reconstructed with a vowel. This is expected given that strong endings never receive stress and thus no vowel would ever surface even if one existed underlyingly. Previous literature has assumed that the strong endings are unaccented, and there is certainly no data that would contradict this claim.
Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms by Melissa Frazier