By Lawrence C. Becker, Charlotte B. Becker
This newly revised and up-to-date variation of A background of Western Ethics is a coherent and available review of crucial figures and influential rules of the background of ethics within the Western philosophical culture.
Read or Download A History of Western Ethics PDF
Similar ethics & morality books
Liberal Utilitarianism and utilized Ethics explores the principles of early utilitarianism and, even as, the theoretical bases of social ethics and coverage in sleek Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the most cause of utilitarianism's starting to be disrepute between ethical philosophers is that its rules can't legitimately be prolonged to events the place the fundamental wishes of the contributors concerned are in clash.
An creation to and review of the whole challenge of evil, from a philosophical standpoint. The textual content goals to be introductory and inclusive, either through familiarizing scholars with the most contours of the highbrow terrain, and by means of pointing them towards additional assets.
What are the right standards for assessing a conception of morality? during this enlightening paintings, Brad Hooker starts off through answering this query. He then argues for a rule-consequentialist idea which, partially, asserts that acts can be assessed morally when it comes to impartially justified ideas. after all, he considers the results of rule-consequentialism for numerous present controversies in sensible ethics, making this in actual fact written, enticing e-book the simplest total assertion of this method of ethics.
The papers accumulated during this quantity signify the various most interesting contemporary paintings by way of political philosophers and political theorists within the sector of worldwide justice. masking either theoretical and utilized matters, those papers are exclusive by way of their remarkable caliber. additionally, they provide the reader a feeling either one of the scope of the sphere because it is at the moment rising and the course that the debates appear to be taking.
- Wise Choices, Apt Feelings: A Theory of Normative Judgment (Clarendon Paperbacks)
- Cultivating Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology
- You Are the World (Perennial library)
- How Skeptics Do Ethics: A Brief History of the Late Modern Linguistic Turn
- Ethics and The Moral Life
- Multiculturalism: Examining the politics of recognition
Extra resources for A History of Western Ethics
What makes Roman ethics a topic of conceptual interest is the contact that developed between this cluster of indigenous ideas and Greek moral philosophy, especially Stoicism. ), political life in Italy was in total disarray. The state had been ravaged for decades by civic strife, caused among other things by the inability of the central government to resist the conflicts between rival military leaders. E. 14) who, under the name Augustus, initiated the era we call the Roman Empire. The two pioneers of philosophical writing in Latin, Lucretius (c.
First, as is clear from the example given, Seneca intends to help his addressee to what we would call a better state of “mental” health. Second, as in ancient philosophy generally, “mental” health is “moral” health. The route to happiness is the route to ethical virtue. Tranquillity is not perceived by the Roman Stoics as opting out of the world. To the contrary. It is that state of mind which issues in an ability to react and act well. Epictetus constantly directs his interlocutors to reflect on the limits of their autonomy, and to use that understanding as a basis for shaping their outlook: “Remembering the way the world is structured, one should proceed to educate oneself not in order to change the conditions…but in order that, things about us being as they are and as their nature is, we ourselves may keep our attitude in tune with what happens” (Discourses 1.
HELLENISTIC ETHICS 23 over their own happiness in the world here and now. Plato and Aristotle stop short of such an ambitious undertaking. Imperfection is endemic to the physical world, as Plato conceived of it, and to embodied humanity. Aristotle, though the conditions he specifies for happiness are designed to secure its self-sufficiency, stops short of making it invulnerable to fortune: happiness, and the exercise of virtue (its prime constituent), require adequate provision of goods that may fall outside the individual’s control.
A History of Western Ethics by Lawrence C. Becker, Charlotte B. Becker