Cosmology

2012 and the End of the World: The Western Roots of the Maya by Matthew Restall, Amara Solari PDF

By Matthew Restall, Amara Solari

ISBN-10: 144220611X

ISBN-13: 9781442206113

Did the Maya fairly expect that the realm might lead to December of 2012? If now not, how and why has 2012 millenarianism won such renowned allure? during this deeply a professional e-book, top historians of the Maya solution those questions in a succinct, readable, and available kind. Matthew Restall and Amara Solari introduce, clarify, and finally demystify the 2012 phenomenon. they start by means of in short interpreting the proof for the prediction of the world's result in historical Maya texts and photographs, interpreting accurately what Maya monks did and didn't prophesize. The authors then convincingly convey how 2012 millenarianism has roots a ways in time and position from Maya cultural traditions, yet in these of medieval and Early glossy Western Europe. Revelatory any myth-busting, whereas closing firmly grounded in old truth, this interesting publication can be crucial interpreting because the countdown to December 21, 2012, starts off.

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Extra info for 2012 and the End of the World: The Western Roots of the Maya Apocalypse

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The energy of the incident x-rays is set by orienting the hines-book November 11, 2009 14:43 World Scientific Review Volume - 9in x 6in Resonant X-Ray Scattering and X-Ray Absorption: Closing the Circle? hines-book 43 zinc selenide crystal to satisfy the diffraction condition for high Bragg angle reflections corresponding to the desired x-ray energy. The monochromator is then adjusted until a maximum intensity is observed at that Bragg angle. Following the Bijvoet ratio measurements, the beam diffracted by the zinc selenide crystal is then in turn used to carry out the mass attenuation XERT measurements with zinc and selenium foils mounted on the detector arm of the diffractometer between the single crystal of zinc selenide and the diffracted-beam detector.

35] (squares). The results are plotted as percentage discrepancy based upon the theoretical results of Chantler [13, 14], %discrepancy = % [µ/ρ]tot,i − [µ/ρ]tot,Chantler . 2) As can be seen from that figure, an appreciable and systematic discrepancy between the measured and calculated mass attenuation coefficients has been observed on both sides of the absorption edge of silver. Similar discrepancies have been observed for molybdenum and copper, and more recently for tin. In view of the fact that these discrepancies have now been observed in a number of elements, we wondered whether such discrepancies between the calculated and measured values of the mass attenuation coefficients might also be observed in zinc and selenium near their absorption edges.

In connection with the field around a small satellite, considered by Kraus and Watson [22], it is necessary to consider the ions since the satellite velocity is comparable more with the ion velocity than the electron velocity. In this plasma there are two modes of longitudinal excitation, namely, ion acoustic waves and electron plasma waves, but if the test particle is much slower than the electron thermal velocity then only the ion waves can be excited—the case considered by the above authors. For ion waves not to be Landau damped out of existence the electron Debye length must be much greater than that of the ions, implying the electrons are much hotter than the ions or that the ions have a much greater charge.

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2012 and the End of the World: The Western Roots of the Maya Apocalypse by Matthew Restall, Amara Solari


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